This type of bipolar disorder is often thought of either as a mild pre-form of Bipolar II, the less severe bipolar. Cyclothymic disorder is a mood disorder where a person has mild ranges of depression and mild hypomania (pre-mania). The person will have short periods of mental and physical energy. To some it can appear as a person who has “off” days. This Cyclothymic disorder was thought of as a personality disorder and not a mood disorder. This disorder can appear in the late teens or early 20s, similar to both Bipolar I and II.
People with this disorder never fully have a manic episode or a deep depression. For some with this disorder it can later develop into Bipolar II.
People who suffer from this disorder will have short periods of “normal” moods. They usually are in a state of hypomania and then in a state of mild depression. Both of these states can last a few days and the “normal” periods may or may not occur. Often people with Cyclothymic Disorder will spend the day in one mood and wake up in a different mood. There can be days when the person is talkative and extroverted and other days when they hardly will want to speak to people. About half of the people with this disorder will have periods of aggressive outbursts and anger. They will have periods of high self-esteem and periods of low self-esteem.
Cyclothmic Disorder is treated the same way as Bipolar I and II as this is a mood disorder caused by a chemical imbalance. Common medications include Zoloft, Prozac, Wellbutrin, and Paxil. These are for anti-depression and mood stabilization.