This syndrome is an autism spectrum disorder, meaning that there are some similar traits common with Asperger Syndrome and autism, but at a different degree of problems with communication abilities and behaviors.
Some of the traits of Aspberger Syndrome are – repetitive routines, inability to interact with others, odd speech patterns, the inability to understand metaphors such as “raining cats and dogs”, physical coordination problems, and the over obsession with one subject or topic.
Signs of having this syndrome are usually seen by the time the child is three years old. One major difference between Asperger Syndrome and autism is the language skills and abilities do not reduce as the child progresses with age. There are psychical issues that are often first seen such as the inability to walk at a typical age.
An easy to observe symptom of Asperger Syndrome is a child’s focus on a single object or topic of interest. The topic or object can be unusual such as an obsession with pens, paper cups, or remote controls. They will often become experts at their topic of interest. The language skills can become quite advanced, but most of the information they relay on their topic of interest appears more like a list of factual information with no particular organization.
Diagnosis is made by observing behaviors that can include the inability for interactive playing, no interest in other children their age, not reacting to their name being called, and general unawareness of their surroundings. Testing usually involves a neurologist, a psychiatrist, a psychologist, and a speech therapist. Proper diagnosis can take a few months of behavior observation. An Apserger doctor, or a doctor specializing in autism spectrum disorders is recommended.